Antibiotics only help against bacteria — this is the main rule when selecting drugs for the treatment of colds. At its core, the cold is an acute respiratory disease (ARD), which can develop under the influence of various microorganisms. Most often, colds are a consequence of the action of viruses against which antibiotics are ineffective. Bacteria provoke more serious diseases or complicate the course of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI).
Often, even doctors cannot immediately answer the question of what exactly caused the development of colds. Even if the primary pathogen in ARVI was a virus, due to a decrease in immunity in the human body, the protection processes are disrupted — this can cause the development of a secondary bacterial infection. Therefore, various drugs from the group of antibiotics have an important role in the treatment of colds.
What are antibiotics?
Antibiotics effectively stop the development of bacterial diseases. By acting in various ways on bacterial cells, these drugs prevent the spread of infection, the development of complications and promote rapid recovery. The mechanism of action of antibiotics is to bind to the target in the bacterial cell and stop the metabolic processes in the microorganism.
Depending on the characteristics of the origin, all antibiotics are divided into natural and synthetic. Initially, only drugs of natural origin were treated as antibiotics, but the rapid development of pharmaceutical technologies made it possible to create artificial analogues with an antibacterial effect.
Modern drugs acting against bacteria are quite common and inexpensive, but some are prescribed only in special situations, and treatment with such drugs is pricey.
Rational antibiotic therapy for colds
Many studies have been devoted to the issues of prescribing antibiotics for colds. The main rules for taking antibacterial agents to fight colds are confidence in the bacterial component of the disease, as well as the choice of a really effective drug.
Antibiotics for colds are needed if there are such symptoms:
- the temperature caused by ARVI is keeps steady at 38-39°C for several days in a row;
- nasal discharge has acquired a yellow-green color;
- when coughing, sputum with a greenish tinge departs noticeable;
- standard treatment regimens do not help to cope with the disease;
- signs of a bacterial infection were found in a clinical blood test;
- a bacterial pathogen was detected during nasopharyngeal culture.
- To make prescribing antibiotics for colds reasonable and safe, it is necessary to:
- identify the type of bacteria;
- determine its sensitivity to existing drugs;
- conduct a test to determine a possible allergic reaction in the patient.
In some situations, the doctor focuses on the data of the anamnesis of the disease, objective symptoms and the history of allergic reactions in the patient.
An independent choice of antibiotics for acute respiratory infections can have negative consequences such as:
- no effect against the pathogen;
- incorrect calculation of the dose or duration of the course;
- development of side effects.
An antibiotic for the treatment of acute respiratory infections should be taken according to the instructions: it is strictly forbidden to stop the course of treatment without permission and ignore the recommendations of doctors.
Antibiotics for colds are the conventional name of drugs from such groups as penicillins, cephalosporins, macrolides and fluoroquinolones. It is this list of drugs that is most often prescribed for the treatment of bacterial acute respiratory infections.
With the correct selection of an antibiotic, refusal to take the same group of antibiotics for 6 months after the previous episode of treatment, as well as compliance with all the recommendations of manufacturers and doctors, antibacterial therapy will be successful and will allow you to get rid of all the symptoms of a cold in the shortest possible time.
To protect yourself from mistakes when choosing an antibacterial agent, you should consult a doctor at the first signs of ARVI in adults and children. The decision to prescribe an antibiotic should be balanced and justified.